The village of Banya is located in a mountainous area at an altitude of 801 m above sea level, in the center of the Razlog valley between three mountains - Rila, Pirin and Rhodope. The village is built around a total of 72 thermal springs of mineral water, with a temperature of 45 to 58°C. Three rivers pass through the village - Malka Glazne, Pihla and Koneshitsa. The climate is transitional Mediterranean with a winter maximum and a summer minimum of precipitation, the average annual amount of which is about 600 mm.
Banya is inhabited by almost 3,000 inhabitants, about 25% of whom are children and adolescents under 18 years of age. The village has numerous archaeological remains from the time of the Thracians, who are believed to have been the first settlers in the area. 11 cultural monument houses can also be seen, which represent old Renaissance dwellings of the Razlozh-Chepin house type, a variety of the Rhodope house.
Another cultural monument is the Old Roman Bath, also called the Old Bulgarian Bath. There is also another Turkish bath in the village - Murtina bath, which dates back to the 17th century. There is also an Ethnographic and Historical Museum in Banya.
The village of Banya is extremely popular precisely for its thermal springs and healing mineral water. Its key location, its proximity to the world-famous ski resort of Bansko, the majestic mountains of Pirin, Rila and Rhodope, stunning scenery and incredibly clean air, make it a preferred year-round tourist destination.